(For the Argentines, the tango is a sad thought that one can dance)
After jazz and blues, perhaps the Argentinean tango was the popular music that expanded the most beyond its original borders.
The tango has a multifaceted origin. It preserves traits of the European polka, the Cuban habanera, the Uruguayan candombe, the Spanish milonga, and a very strong dose of the Afro rhythm and feeling of the colonization period of Argentina.
Born in a poor neighborhood in Buenos Aires, more precisely in La Boca, in the region of Caminito, which is still the tourist reference for tango, and it has been influenced by Afro culture.
Initially, during the arrival of large numbers of settlers to Buenos Aires, the male contingent in the city increased greatly, with a consequent increase in the number of houses of prostitution. To get an idea, as early as the nineteenth century, Buenos Aires had about 200 brothels. For it was precisely in these houses that the tango presentations began, with lyrics melancholy and danced by the regulars or specialized actors.
By the sensuality that carried in the extremely erotic steps of the partners who danced, the tango was not accepted by the families of the higher classes, and thus, it was relegated increasingly to the poorer and more popular neighborhoods and environments. But the melody of the tango and its lyrics were too strong and gradually it was conquering a growing part of the population until it impregnated the very soul of the Argentine people.
Carlos Gardel was his greatest interpreter, followed by so many others, like Libertad Lamarque, Ugo Del Carril, Julio Sosa and many others. Composers were numerous, such as Astor Piazzolla, seeking a new conceptualization of tango and famous lyricists such as Discepolo, Mariano Mores and the great Alfredo Le Pera, author of unforgettable tangos such as: Sus Ojos se Cerraron, Volver, Silencio, Mi Buenos Aires Querido, El Dia que me Quieras, and Por Una Cabeza, among many others.
A curiosity is that the great Alfredo Le Pera was Brazilian. Her parents from Europe had to stop for about two months in Sao Paulo. Because her mother was about to give birth. They lived in the district of Bexiga, in Sao Paulo and it was there that the illustrious composer was born on June 6, 1900.
Alfredo Le Pera was lyricist, writer, journalist, and screenwriter of United Artists. For a contingency, Carlos Gardel was in Paris for some presentations when he needed a professional to compose his team and presented him, Alfredo Le Pera. Dali was born a partnership for the composition of some of the best Argentine tangos. Le Pera died on June 24, 1935, in a plane crash in Medellin, Colombia, when his plane, along with Carlos Gardel and other musicians, collided with another plane as he took off at Las airport Beaches. There was one of the greatest tango partnerships in Argentina.